Probably you’ll be better off with the official docs which base installation on an easy-to-use wizard. This guide is adapted to my special needs, but you can follow it if you please or need; I’ll mark special those parts –like this– and close –/like this–. Everything after a # is a comment, the < > symbols means that you should fill that field with custom data.

–MicroPC–

In the grub screen type e, append nomodeset fbcon=rotate:1 to the line where you can see vmlinuz (not after \) then press Ctrl+x.

You can also rotate the screen by running echo 1 | tee /sys/class/graphics/fbcon/rotate after the system has been initialized, but you still need nomodeset because of screen drivers.

–/MicroPC–

Login with user root and password voidlinux.

Execute bash to get a proper interactive shell.

Set your keymap layout with loadkeys <layout> (as I’m a latino using a US keyboard I do use us-acentos).

Partition your disk with cfdisk

  • d to delete partitions
  • n to create new partitions
  • t to change partition types
  • W to write changes
  • q to quit

Do this: delete all partitions, create a new partition of 260M and set type to EFI System, then create a new partition with the rest of available space (default). Write and quit. Format and mount root (I’m assuming your hard drive is /dev/sda, you can check with lsblk)

mkfs.fat -F 32 /dev/sda1
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2 # this and next line not needed if you want LUKS encryption
mount /dev/sda2 /mnt

–LUKS–

Prepare the drive. I think this is not needed if your disk was encryped before and the passphrase was not compromised.

cryptsetup open --type plain -d /dev/urandom /dev/sda2 cryptroot # open partition
# Wipe all information safely. It's optional but recommended. It will take a while, wait until it throws "no space left on device" error.
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/cryptroot status=progress [bs=1M]
cryptsetup close cryptroot # close it

Encrypt. I use a keyfile, but you can use a password by ommiting the key file related instructions.

You can generate a 256 bytes random keyfile with openssl rand 256 > keyfile or make it more human-readable by appending -base after rand, be sure to save a copy of it!

It is wise to have more than one password / keyfile saved in different devices, so you don’t lose access if you lose your password device. You have been warned.

Some people think that you should have a password and a keyfile to be safe. I say passwords we are able to memorize are not trustable. Be sure to keep your secret keyfiles with you or on a safe place and don’t leave your drive in your laptop when you are not using it.

cryptsetup -v --type luks1 luksFormat /dev/sda2 <keyfile> # initialize luks
cryptsetup -v luksAddKey /dev/sda2 --key-file <first-keyfile> <new-keyfile> # optionally add other keys
cryptsetup open /dev/sda2 cryptroot --key-file <keyfile> # open the now encrypted disk
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/cryptroot # format it
mount /dev/mapper/cryptroot /mnt

–/LUKS–

Mount ESP

mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot

Connect through wifi

wpa_passphrase "<NetworkName>" "<network-password>" > /etc/wpa_supplicant/<NetworkName>.conf
wpa_supplicant -i <wireless-interface> -B -c /etc/wpa_supplicant/<NetworkName>.conf
sv reload dhcpcd # just in case

Install the system. I could use base-system, but MicroPC needs the newest firmware. This installs almost everything in base-system.

xbps-install -Sy -R http://mirror.clarkson.edu/voidlinux/current -r /mnt base-voidstrap usbutils wpa_supplicant wifi-firmware ethtool acpid libgcc linux5.2 linux5.2-headers linux-firmware-intel linux-firmware-network dracut cryptsetup grub-x86_64-efi

Copy your wireless connection

cat /etc/wpa_supplicant/<NetworkName>.conf >> /mnt/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

Chroot into your new installation

mount -t proc /proc /mnt/proc
mount --rbind /dev /mnt/dev
mount --rbind /sys /mnt/sys
chroot /mnt /bin/bash

Setup the basics

passwd root
echo <your-hostname> > /etc/hostname
useradd <your-user>
passwd <your-user>
# Uncomment first line starting with %wheel on /etc/sudoers
usermod -a -G wheel <your-user>
# Set your TIMEZONE and KEYMAP on /etc/rc.conf
echo "LANG=<langcode>_<COUNTRYCODE>.UTF-8" > /etc/locale.conf
# Uncomment '<langcode>_<COUNTRYCODE>.UTF-8 UTF-8' on /etc/default/libc-locales
xbps-reconfigure -f glibc-locales

Append your partitions to /etc/fstab:

printf "UUID=$(lsblk /dev/mapper/cryptroot -o UUID | tail -1)\t/\text4\tdefaults\t0\t1\n" >> /etc/fstab
printf "UUID=$(lsblk /dev/sda1 -o UUID | tail -1)\t/boot\tvfat\tdefaults\t0\t2\n" >> /etc/fstab

–MicroPC–

Append fbcon=rotate:1 to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT on /etc/default/grub.

–/MicroPC–

–LUKS–

Append rd.auto=1 if you use LUKS, plus rd.luks.key=/<keyfile> if you use a keyfile to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT on /etc/default/grub.

–/LUKS–

Install GRUB

grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id="GRUB"
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

–LUKS–

echo 'add_drivers+=" vfat "' > /etc/dracut.conf.d/drivers.conf # for keyfiles on fat drives
echo 'add_dracutmodules+=" crypt "' > /etc/dracut.conf.d/dracutmodules.conf # for LUKS

It’s recommended to echo 'hostonly=yes' > /etc/dracut.conf.d/hostonly.conf so it loads only required config, but this breaks my installation (codepage cp437 not found, related to fs-FAT, and keyboard becomes unresponsive). Let me know if you find out how to load the proper configuration on a MicroPC!

–/LUKS–

Setup your init ram disk

xbps-reconfigure -f linux5.2

Installation is ready to go, ctrl+d and reboot :D

Felix Freeman < sir a-rro-ba hacktivista pun-to com > releases this document on 2019 under the CC0 terms.

Love, peace and freedom to you and the world we share.